"Stalin's Secret Agents" Book Review

  • 2014.10.12 Sunday
  • 17:52
 

Stalin's Secret Agents; The Subversion of Roosevelt's Government

 

This book is a revelation on how the Soviet moles in the US government in 1930's, throughout the WWII and further onwards influenced the foreign policy of the United States, resulting in disastrous human suffering, misery and death toll.

 

Harry Hopkins at the White House

Lauchlin Currie at the White House

Harry Dexter White at the Treasury

Alger Hiss at the State Department

John Carter Vincent at the State Department

John Stewart Service at the State Department

 

Those were just a top echelon of the vast espionage networks of the Soviet Union infiltrated into the US government.

 

The result;

  • Communization of the east half of Europe and untold number of victims killed, tortured and imprisoned (including Russian POWs who were shipped back to Stalin's regime only to be slaughtered)
  • Communization of Asia, millions of people slaughtered in China, Korea, Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos.
  • Further communization of Africa and Latin America, inflicting tyranny, violence and horrors on millions around the world.

 

The path to the future tragedies were designed at the conferences in Tehran (1943 Nov) and Yalta (1945 Feb). Stalin laid out his blueprint of the war's outcome (including Soviet's last minute attack on Manchuria and Japan) and post-war world, which United States under Franklin Roosevelt willfully accepted it. FDR was almost a dead man by the time he attended the Yalta conference, unable to talk in complete sentence, unable to read comprehensively, unable to think rationally and logically, attending a meeting where he understood only half of what had been discussed, signing the documents he never read. Churchill, knowing the implications of the Soviet's intention, was powerless and could only acquiesce.

 

Soviet moles in the US government manipulated the US government to do whatever possible to shore up Stalin and Soviet Union diplomatically, militarily and financially. United States provided Soviet Union with tons of aid such as food, fuel, transport equipment and raw materials including Uranium and weapon under the Lend-Lease program in the critical time of WWII. The program enabled the Soviet Union's future possession of nuclear weapon. Having the nuclear weapon, Stalin felt empowered and initiated the Korean War, resulting in divided Korea with northern half being a gulag to this day in 2014.

 

As informative as it is as a whole however, there were some errors - probably a negligible one for the eyes of American, but not for us, Japanese.

 

The authors Stanton Evans and Herbert Romerstein write (Page 90);

 

"In the latter 1930s and early '40s, storm clouds had gathered over Asia as over Europe, mainly as a result of Japan's attack on China. In 1931, Japan had annexed the northeastern Chinese province of Manchuria, and in 1937 embarked on a more extensive campaign against the rest of China…"

 

The implication is that back then in 1930s Japan, with sudden impulsive zeal of expansionist ambition, decided out of the blue that it wanted to go out and conquer China and other Asian countries, wreaking havoc across the whole region.

 

This is a typical broad-brush "western movie style" American description of what happened in Asia in the pre Pearl Harbor era.

 

The following was, in a nutshell, what actually happened;

 

Since around the end of the Edo period (1603 - 1868), Japan had been threatened mostly by European powers including Russia, and therefore Japan needed to guard against subversive activities from the outside in order to maintain its independence.

 

Neighboring Korean peninsula was (and is) geopolitically positioned like a dagger to Japan's throat.

 

To secure its sphere of national defense, Japan continuously assisted Korea to be a strong, stable and independent nation. Unfortunately however, due mostly to Korea's backwardness, the country was seriously threatened by China's expansionism, thereby indirectly posing an existential threat to Japan. In 1894, China unilaterally invaded Korea to colonize the country whose government was almost toppled by Donghak Peasant Revolution. We offered to China that Japan and China jointly assist Korea to establish rule and order to maintain Korea's independence. China rejected our offer and kept on conquering Korea.  That was where we needed to fight China for the first time.

 

Japan defeated China. As a condition of peace, Japan let the international community recognize Korea as an independent nation (short-lived as it was). China ceded Liaodong peninsula and Taiwan to Japan.

 

Imperialist nations - Russia, France and Germany intervened and forced Japan to give Liaodong back to China, to which we Japan had no other choice but to acquiesce, due to comparative lack of the power. These imperialist nations including Britain ripped China to pieces as this cartoon at the time describes.

 

Cartoon

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Imperialism#mediaviewer/File:China_imperialism_cartoon.jpg

 

Russia occupied Lushun and Dalian (in Liaodong peninsula), and began to threaten Korea. And Japan (as it did to China previously) needed to chase off Russia from Korea. That conflict led to Japan-Russo war in 1905, in which we defeated Russia. With all our sacrifices, however, to help maintain Korea's independence, they were unable to stable themselves. So, partly based on their invitation, we annexed Korea and applied our sovereignty.

 

Meanwhile, Russia was overtaken by Communist revolution in 1917, and the newly established Soviet Union began to expand its influence by sending an advisor (Mikhail Borodin) to Sun Yat-Sen in China. Borodin lead the red movement in the Nationalist Party. In 1924, Borodin established Huangpu Military School, and Chiang Kai Shek became the first headmaster. Nationalist and Communist united together in one time and fought each other in another time. The Communists were brutally beaten up in Shanghai Massacre in 1927, but kept its existence in low profile. The two factions formed United Front two times (1924 and 1937).

 

In northern China, there were countless cases of terrorism by thugs and communists against Japanese civilians (who were living there to do business) and troops (who were stationed there to protect our civilians in accordance with peace treaty for previous wars with China and Russia). 

 

In 1931, it came to the point where our military had to counter those subversive activities militarily. To secure the outcome of the military actions, our military went further and helped the establishment of Manchukuo - a country for Manchu tribe.


We never annexed Manchuria. Manchukuo was an independent country. 23 countries worldwide recognized the country - Japan, Germany, Italy, El Salvador, Costa Rica, China (Kuomintang Nanjing Government), Thailand, Burma, Philippines, Inner-Mongolia Autonomous Government, Provisional Government of Free India, Spain, Poland, Croatia, Hungary, Slovakia, Romania, Bulgaria, Denmark and Finland. 

 

By now, it would be understood that we Japan did not "invade" China out of the blue. Our nationals were living there in northern China legitimately due to our victory in the Japan-Russo war.

 

Manchukuo was a country of the Manchu people (as opposed to Han people of China) established on the land of Manchuria. Soon after the situation was stabilized, we invited Pu Yi to become the Emperor. The economy boomed and population grew until our defeat in 1945.

 

1934  30,880,000

1937  36,933,000

1945  45,000,000

Population grows where there is prosperity.

 

As peace prevailed in Manchuria, terrorism persisted in China - Tongzhou Incident in July 1937 and Shanghai Incident in August 1937. In Tongzhou, 230 of the Japanese including civilians are slaughtered in the most gruesome ways by Chinese soldiers and thugs.  We fought back against those adversaries, and in December 1937, we conquered Nanjing City. During the fight, Chiang Kai Shek's fascist thugs did everything they could to destroy the city, looting and burning homes, following a classic Chinese military conduct (part of the atrocities were later attributed to us and called "Nanjing Massacre").

 

The authors describe Chiang Kai Shek as if he was a kind of Jeffersonian/ Washingtonian democratic republican. He was not.

 

I would like to suggest Mr. Evans and Mr. Romerstein to look up "228 Incident". Following the Potsdam Declaration in 1945 August, Japanese troops in Taiwan surrendered to the Chinese Nationalists under Chiang Kai Shek. Kuomintaing (Nationalist) soldiers landed in Taiwan. Taiwan under Japanese rule of 50 years had been transformed from a Malaria-infested "no go island" into a vibrant economic powerhouse with highly educated, disciplined, lawful citizens. Chinese soldiers, on the other hand, were ragtag bunch of uncultured savages. Two distinctly different cultures met each other and there occurred conflict. Beginning on February 27, 1947 Kuomintang  soldiers massacred 10,000 to 30,000 of Taiwanese (under the international law, they were Japanese nationals). Taiwanese would suffer long fascist "white terror" since then until Lee Teng Hui (Taiwan born former Japanese) was elected president in 1988.

 

In 1930s and 40s, Japan was essentially fighting for its national security, thereby preventing both fascism and communism to spread across the Asia. It was a great tragedy that the US government was heavily infiltrated by Soviet moles who manipulated the US policy toward Japan to be hostile to such an extreme that we were forced to drop "Strike North" and attack Pearl Harbor instead. It was an unnecessary war that could have been prevented.

 

It should be noted that, as this book mentions, Japan was also infiltrated by Soviet moles - Sorge, Ozaki and Saionji. They were arrested during 1941 September and 1942 April and executed, whereas much heavier infiltration in the US government was fully covered-up well into the late 1940s and 1950s until the era of HUAC (House Committee of Un-American Activities) and Joseph McCarthy.

 

I would like to remind the authors that the history is not simple enough to be depicted in a broad-brush manner. History requires context and perspective. Without them, it is just a propaganda.

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