5. Kwajalein - "Unbroken" an unreal story of Louie Zamperini

  • 2014.12.24 Wednesday
  • 00:14

After accomplishing the series of "mission impossible", these three men are captured by the Japanese.

Then, what happens?

Zamperini and Phil are "brutally beaten, tortured and humiliated".

Quote; As Louie and Phil lay in their cells one day, they heard a commotion outside, the clamoring sounds of a mob. Then faces pressed into Louie’s door window, shouting. Rocks started flying in. More men came, one after another, screaming, spitting on Louie, hitting him with rocks, hurling sticks like javelins. Down the hall, the men were doing the same to Phil. Louie balled himself up at the far end of the cell. On and on the procession went. There were eighty, perhaps ninety men, and each one spent some thirty seconds attacking each captive. At last, the men left. Louie sat in pools of spit and jumbled rocks and sticks, bleeding. Unquote

Why do they do that?  Because the Japanese want information about the numbers of aircraft, ships, and personnel in Hawaii.

At one point, they are subjected to a creepy "experiment".

Quote; Louie and Phil were ordered to lie down. The doctors pulled out two long hypodermic syringes and filled each with a murky solution. Someone said it was the milk of green coconuts, though whether or not this was true remains unknown. The doctors said that what they were about to do would be good for the prisoners. If the solution worked as hoped— improving their condition, they were told—it would be given to Japanese troops. Unquote
Then, they go back to the cell. 15 minutes or so pass and they feel rash, itching and burning. A few days later, they receive injection again. Then, they get 3rd and 4th injection later on. 

Then, what happens?

Quote; Both men survived, and as terrible as their experience had been, they were lucky. All over their captured territories, the Japanese were using at least ten thousand POWs and civilians, including infants, as test subjects for experiments in biological and chemical warfare. Thousands died. Unquote

Back in his cell, both Zamperini and Phil feel a sharp headache and become dizzy, baking with fever and bone-ache. Doctor examines them and finds that they have got Dengue Fever.

Zamperini is subjected to yet another pelting and beating by a bunch of Japanese soldiers before he is brought to interrogation.

Then what?

Quote; The officers pushed a map of Hawaii in front of him and told him to mark where the air bases were. 
Louie resisted for some time, but the interrogators leaned hard on him. At last, he broke. He dropped his head and, with an expression of ashamed resignation, told them everything—the exact location of the bases, the numbers of planes. 
The Japanese broke into jubilant smiles. They opened up a bottle of cola and gave it to Louie, along with a biscuit and a pastry. As they celebrated, they had no idea that the “bases” that Louie had identified were the fake airfields he had seen when tooling around Hawaii with Phil. If the Japanese bombed there, the only planes they would hit would be made of plywood. Unquote

So, 80 to 90 of the Japanese men pelt two American soldiers with rocks and sticks. The Japanese inject an unknown liquid into both of them. They get Dengue. They survive. They lie to the interrogator and get snacks..

Here are some questions;
  1. Why would the Japanese military use its manpower of 80 to 90 soldiers just for two American soldiers, whatever the purpose is, when it was exactly one of the most scarcest resources?
  2. How badly were they injured after being subjected to the pelting and beating by 80 to 90 men? Each 30 seconds times 90 is 2,700 seconds, which is equal to 45 minutes. 45 minutes is a long time. Stoning execution under Sharia death penalty lasts only a few minutes.
  3. Considering that A) "whether the injected liquid was really juice of green coconut or not remains unknown" and B) they survived, does this mean that it is highly likely that what they received was actually coconut juice?
  4. They got Dengue Fever and yet they survived. Does this mean that there is a possibility that that coconut juice injected to them saved their lives?
  5. Who was "someone" who told them that what they were receiving was coconut juice? Coconut farmer? A Japanese soldier? The doctor? Who was it?
  6. "Ten thousand POWs and civilians were used in chemical and biological experiments.." Whose memory is this? Zamperini or somebody else?

You think injecting coconut juice is insane? Let us see how insane this is in a science website;
In tropical areas, it has been reported that 5 million children die every year due to diarrhea and subsequent dehydration. The mineral profile of coconut water is so similar to human plasma, that doctors have actually injected it intravenously to prevent dehydration. (2)
Inside an unopened coconut, the water is sterile and free of any bacteria, fungus, or parasite. It can be safely injected directly into the bloodstream without harming the blood cells and is non-allergenic. This was a common practice in WWII and during Vietnam, when intravenous solution was in short supply. A patient can safely receive as much as one quarter to one third of the patient’s body weight in coconut water intravenously. (3) 

On the interrogation by the Japanese, here is what Zamperini himself described back in April 7, 2005 in the interview with The Wall Street Journal (Link). 
Quote; Mr. Zamperini, who still lives in his hometown of Los Angeles, says his first encounters with Japanese interrogators were hardly pleasant, but to his surprise, "they didn't beat you to get information out of you" -- at least not always.
After subsisting on a diet of plain rice, Mr. Zamperini was led before "naval officers in white suits with gold braid" who sat feasting at "a table full of goodies." Refuse to answer and they sent "you back to your cell more miserable than when you started." To get some of the food, Mr. Zamperini says he used a ruse, pretending to crack under pressure and then offering misleading information about the location of U.S. airstrips. "I got a soda pop and I got a biscuit, so I won," he says. Unquote

One more question. Who is more truthful - Zamperini in "Unbroken" or Zamperini in the article of WSJ?

Here again..

Here is a tip for those who testify; 
  1. Refresh Your Memory
  2. Tell the Truth
  3. Do Not Exaggerate

Otherwise, you will lose credibility and everything you say will ring untrue..

So, dear readers, you are the judge.
  • Is this story true?
  • Is the whole story of "Unbroken" true?

To be continued.

P.S. Special thanks to 日本軍は本当に「残虐」だったのか 丸谷元人

4. Sharks - "Unbroken" an unreal story of Louie Zamperini

  • 2014.12.24 Wednesday
  • 00:07

So, they successfully mend the holes and then what?


They see two sharks, about eight feet long, circling the raft. And then, the sharks vanish.

Zamperini looks into the water. Suddenly one of the sharks leaps from the water, mouth wide open, lunging straight at his head. As the shark tries to "get its mouth around his upper body", Zamperini "his hands on the shark's snout, shoves the shark back into the water". Second shark comes likewise and he strikes it in the nose.

This goes on and on for several minutes. And then, the sharks give up.

Zamperini, furious at the sharks, decides to punish them. Spending all night long, he makes a plan.

Using meat of a bird that they caught as a bait, they tries to lure sharks. 

One comes, and now is time for the action.

Quote; Smelling the bait, the shark swam toward Phil, orienting itself so that its tail was under Louie.  Louie leaned as far overboard as he could without losing his balance, plunged both hands into the water, and grabbed the tail. The shark took off. Louie, gripping the tail, flew out of the raft and crashed into the water, sending a large serving of the Pacific up his nose. The shark whipped its tail and flung Louie off. Louie bolted back onto the raft so quickly that he later had no memory of how he had done it.  Unquote

So, the first attempt failed. Then, what?

Zamperini reviews the plan and finds the solution - get the shark's tail off the water.

Quote; The shark swam for the bait. Louie clapped his hands around the tail and heaved it out of the water. The shark thrashed, but could neither get free nor pull Louie into the water. Louie dragged the animal onto the raft. The shark twisted and snapped, and Phil grabbed a flare cartridge and jammed it into the shark’s mouth. Pinning the shark down, Louie took the pliers and stabbed the screwdriver end of the handle through the animal’s eye. The shark died instantly. Unquote
Quote; Even with a knife, shark skin is about as easy to cut as a coat of mail; with only the edge of a mirror to cut with, the labor was draining. After much sawing, Louie managed to break the skin. The flesh underneath stank of ammonia. Louie cut the liver out, and it was sizable. They ate it eagerly, giving Mac a larger portion, and for the first time since breakfast on May 27, they were all full. The rest of the shark reeked, so they threw it overboard. Later, using the same technique, they caught a second shark and again ate the liver. Unquote

Here are some questions;
  1. Do sharks eat animals in the water or above the water or both, as I get confused by watching the video below? It seems to me that they eat something "in the water" only. I could be wrong, though.
  2. Did they eat the sharks right after they caught it? Since as far as I know, the shark meat is delicious and eatable as Sashimi like the photo below? Ammonia stench comes later as it is left unfrozen for long.

By the way, I have nothing but admiration for Zamperini who grabbed the tail of a shark, 5 feet long, dragged it onto the raft, killed it, because I can see how difficult it is to do this even with full equipment as shown in these videos.


Shark Sashimi - From a home cooking website

By the way, for those who are interested, this is how the shark is dissected. It looks like the whole meat of the shark is delicious.

Here is a tip for those who testify;
  1. Refresh Your Memory
  2. Tell the Truth
  3. Do Not Exaggerate

Otherwise, you will lose credibility and everything you say will ring untrue..

So, dear readers, you are the judge.
  • Is this story true?
  • Is the whole story of "Unbroken" true?

To be continued.

P.S. Special thanks to 日本軍は本当に「残虐」だったのか 丸谷元人

3. Raft Patching - "Unbroken" an unreal story of Louie Zamperini

  • 2014.12.23 Tuesday
  • 23:49

So, Zamperini and the two gentlemen survives the hunger, thirst and the ruthless Japanese bomber attack.

Then, what happens?

The three men sit together on the raft. Raft has bullet holes (later counted to be 48) while sharks whipping around it. They hit the sharks with oar to chase them away. 

The raft continues to sink and now part of it is completely submerged.

Quote; Air flowed into the chamber and seeped out through the bullet holes, but the men found that if they pumped very quickly, just enough air passed through the raft to lift it up in the water and keep it mostly inflated. The sharks kept coming, and the men kept beating them away. Unquote

Louie finds the patching kit.
Quote; Louie began patching, starting with the holes on the top of the raft. He lifted the perforated area clear of the water, wiped the water from the surface, and held it away from the waves, letting it dry in the sun. Then, with each perforation, he used the mirror edge to cut an X across the hole. The material consisted of two layers of canvas with rubber between. After cutting the X, he peeled back the canvas to reveal the rubber layer, used the mirror to scratch up the rubber, squeezed glue onto it, and stuck the patch on. Then he waited for the sun to dry the glue. Sometimes, a whitecap would drench the patch before it dried, and he’d have to begin again.  Unquote

Hour after hour, they rotate the duties, pushing through enormous fatigue - pumping the air, patching the raft and fighting the sharks.

Pumping goes on all night long, because otherwise the raft will sink.

The patching goes on in the morning and the rate of air loss lessens.

Once the patching on the "top" is finished. The next problem is the "bottom". Let's see how they do about it.

Quote;  All three men squeezed onto one side of the raft, balancing on one air tube. They opened up the valve and let the air out of the side they weren’t sitting on, lifted it clear of the water, turned it over so the bottom faced skyward, wiped it off, and held it up to dry. Then Louie began patching. When that half of the bottom was patched, they reinflated it, crawled onto the repaired side, deflated the other side, and repeated the process. Again, whitecaps repeatedly washed over the raft and spoiled the patches, and everything had to be redone. Unquote

This way, they patch all holes that they can reach. For those holes that they can't physically reach (the bottom center area), they have to live with them.
Quote; With the raft now reasonably inflated, the sharks stopped attacking. Unquote

So, again, these extremely hungry, thirsty and fatigued men do all of that without rest day and night - pumping, fighting sharks and mending the holes both top and bottom of the bathtub sized raft in tilted posture. And, they survive.

It looks "mission impossible" for me, but hey, Louie Zamperini was an Olympic athlete, so why not?

For those who have no idea what "patching the raft" is, take a look at this video (and enjoy the mellow background music).

Here is a tip for those who testify; 
  1. Refresh Your Memory
  2. Tell the Truth
  3. Do Not Exaggerate

Otherwise, you will lose credibility and everything you say will ring untrue..

So, dear readers, you are the judge.
  • Is this story true?
  • Is the whole story of "Unbroken" true?

To be continued.

P.S. Special thanks to 日本軍は本当に「残虐」だったのか 丸谷元人

2. Bomber - "Unbroken" an unreal story of Louie Zamperini

  • 2014.12.23 Tuesday
  • 23:36

So, Zamperini and friends survive and then what happens?
Quote; With all three of them in one raft, it was cramped; the raft was only about six feet long inside and a little more than two feet wide.. Unquote.

Quote; Most worrisome was the water situation. A few half-pints wouldn’t last them long. The men were surrounded by water, but they couldn’t drink it. The salt content in seawater is so high that it is considered a poison. When a person drinks seawater, the kidneys must generate urine to flush the salt away, but to do so, they need more water than is contained in the seawater itself, so the body pulls water from its cells. Bereft of water, the cells begin to fail. Paradoxically, a drink of seawater causes potentially fatal dehydration.. Unquote.
Quote; Louie came up with ground rules. Each man would eat one square of chocolate in the morning, one in the evening. Louie allotted one water tin per man, with each man allowed two or three sips a day.. Unquote.
Quote; Louie decided to divvy up breakfast, a single square of chocolate. He untied the raft pocket and looked in. All of the chocolate was gone. He looked around the rafts. No chocolate, no wrappers. His gaze paused on Mac. The sergeant looked back at him with wide, guilty eyes.. Unquote.
Quote; The men’s bodies slowly wasted away. Each day, Louie noticed incremental differences in his weight, and the weight of his raftmates, from the day before: the pants looser, the faces narrower. As they passed the fortnight mark, they began to look grotesque. Their flesh had evaporated. Their cheeks, now bearded, had sunken into concavity. Their bodies were digesting themselves.. Unquote.

So, let us remember that they are extremely exhausted, hungry and weakened.

Then, what happens next? "Japs" come. See how it goes.

Quote; As the castaways slumped in the rafts, trying to accept another lost chance, over the western horizon there was a glimmer, tracing a wide curve, then banking toward the rafts. The bomber was coming back. Weeping with joy, Louie, Phil, and Mac tugged their shirts over their heads and snapped them back and forth in the air, calling out. The bomber leveled off, skimming over the water. Louie squinted at the cockpit. He made out two silhouettes, a pilot and copilot. He thought of Palmyra, food, solid ground underfoot.
And then, all at once, the ocean erupted. There was a deafening noise, and the rafts began hopping and shuddering under the castaways. The gunners were firing at them. Unquote
This is the 1st round
Quote; Louie, Phil, and Mac clawed for the raft walls and threw themselves overboard. They swam under the rafts and huddled there, watching bullets tear through the rafts and cut bright slits in the water around them. Then the firing stopped.
The men surfaced. The bomber had overshot them and was now to the east, moving away. Two sharks were nosing around. The men had to get out of the water immediately.
In the distance, the bomber swung around and began flying at the rafts again. Louie hoped that the crew had realized the mistake and was returning to help them. Flying about two hundred feet over the water, the bomber raced at them, following a path slightly parallel to the rafts, so that its side passed into view. All three men saw it at once. Behind the wing, painted over the waist, was a red circle. The bomber was Japanese. Unquote
Quote; Louie saw the gunners taking aim and knew he had to go back in the water. Phil and Mac didn’t move. They were both exhausted. They knew that if they went overboard again, they wouldn’t be strong enough to get back in, and the sharks would take them. If they stayed on the raft, it seemed impossible that the gunners could miss them.
As the bomber flew toward them, they lay down. Phil pulled his knees to his chest and covered his head in his hands. Mac balled himself up beside him. Louie took a last glance at them, then dropped into the water and swam back under the rafts.
The bullets showered the ocean in a glittering downpour. Looking up, Louie saw them popping through the canvas, shooting beams of intensely bright tropical sunlight through the raft’s shadow. But after a few feet, the bullets spent their force and fluttered down, fizzing. Louie straightened his arms over his head and pushed against the bottom of one of the rafts, trying to get far enough down to be outside the bullets’ lethal range. Above him, he could see the depressions formed by Mac and Phil’s bodies. Neither man was moving. Unquote

This is the 2nd round.
Quote; As the bullets raked overhead, Louie struggled to stay under the rafts. The current clutched at him, rotating his body horizontally and dragging him away. He kicked against it, but it was no use. He was being sucked away, and he knew that if he lost touch with the rafts, he wouldn’t be able to swim hard enough against the current to get back. As he was pulled loose, he saw the long cord that strayed off the end of one of the rafts. He grabbed it and tied it around his waist.
As he lay underwater, his legs tugged in front of him by the current, Louie looked down at his feet. His left sock was pulled up on his shin; his right had slipped halfway off. He watched it flap in the current. Then, in the murky blur beyond it, he saw the huge, gaping mouth of a shark emerge out of the darkness and rush straight at his legs.
Louie recoiled, pulling his legs toward his body. The current was too strong for him to get his legs beneath him, but he was able to swing them to the side, away from the shark’s mouth. The shark kept coming, directly at Louie’s head. Louie remembered the advice of the old man in Honolulu: Make a threatening expression, then stiff-arm the shark’s snout. As the shark lunged for his head, Louie bared his teeth, widened his eyes, and rammed his palm into the tip of the shark’s nose. The shark flinched, circled away, then swam back for a second pass. Louie waited until the shark was inches from him, then struck it in the nose again. Again, the shark peeled away.
Above, the bullets had stopped coming. As quickly as he could, Louie pulled himself along the cord until he reached the raft. He grabbed its wall and lifted himself clear of the shark.
Mac and Phil were lying together in the fetal position. They were absolutely still, and bullet holes dappled the raft around them. Louie shook Mac. Mac made a sound. Louie asked if he’d been hit. Mac said no. Louie spoke to Phil. Phil said he was okay.
The bomber circled back for another go. Phil and Mac played dead, and Louie tipped back into the ocean. As bullets knifed the water around him, the shark came at him, and again Louie bumped its snout and repelled it. Then a second shark charged at him. Louie hung there, gyrating in the water and flailing his arms and legs, as the sharks snapped at him and the bullets came down. The moment the bomber sped out of firing range, he clambered onto the raft again. Phil and Mac were still unhit. Unquote

That's the 3rd round.
Four more times the Japanese strafed them, sending Louie into the water to kick and punch at the sharks until the bomber had passed. Though he fought them to the point of exhaustion, he was not bitten. Every time he emerged from the water, he was certain that Phil and Mac would be dead. Impossibly, though there were bullet holes all the way around the men, even in the tiny spaces between them, not one bullet had hit either man. Unquote
The first 3 rounds plus this 4 rounds means we have got 7 rounds by now.

Quote; The bomber crew made a last gesture of sadism. The plane circled back, and Louie ducked into the water again. The plane’s bomb bay doors rolled open, and a depth charge tumbled out, splashing down some fifty feet from the rafts. The men braced themselves for an explosion, but none came. Either the charge was a dud or the bombardier had forgotten to arm it. If the Japanese are this inept, Phil thought, America will win this war.
Louie rolled back onto the raft and collapsed. When the bomber came back, he was too tired to go overboard. As the plane passed a final time, Louie, Mac, and Phil lay still. The gunners didn’t fire. The bomber flew west and disappeared. Unquote

In short, the Japanese bomber flies over them 8 times and machine-guns those desperately hungry and frail men. And yet, they survives without getting a single bullet. Zamperini, while being attacked by the bullets, chase off those two sharks.

Here are some questions;
  1. Why would a bomber fly at such a low altitude (two hundred feet over the water) in the first place, risking himself from enemy attack?
  2. Why would a bomber waste his time, bullets, bomb and fuel (scarce resources for the Japanese military) for those who have lost power to wage an attack?
  3. How does he recognize the "depth charge" looking up 200 feet above from the ocean?
  4. Why does the bomber dropped "depth charge" from 200 feet above instead of 100 feet above (normal release altitude of depth charge)?
  5. Why does this bomb carrying aircraft fly solo? Bombers with a bombing mission fly in group.

Laura Hillenbrand says "Unbroken" is a "biography" of Zamperini and a product of her thorough research. So, I am sure she has candid answers to the questions.

Here is a tip for those who testify
1.Refresh Your Memory
2.Tell the Truth
3.Do Not Exaggerate

Otherwise, you will lose credibility and everything you say will ring untrue..

So, dear readers, you are the judge.
  • Is this story true?
  • Is the whole story of "Unbroken" true?

To be continued.

P.S. Special thanks to 日本軍は本当に「残虐」だったのか 丸谷元人

1. Downed - "Unbroken" an unreal story of Louie Zamperini

  • 2014.12.23 Tuesday
  • 23:08

On a May afternoon in 1943, an Army Air Forces bomber crashed into the Pacific Ocean. On the ocean surface, a face appeared. It was that of a young lieutenant, Louie Zamperini. Ahead of Zamperini lay series of battle for survival.

This is a “real” story of a man with extraordinary spirit. Or, is it?

The movie “Unbroken” has just been released. This movie directed by Angelina Jolie is based on a book “Unbroken: A World War II Story of Survival, Resilience and Redemption” authored by Laura Hillenbrand.

Let’s look into the story;

So, the bomber with Zamperini and other men is downed. What happens?


Far below, Louie was still ensnared in the plane, writhing in the wires. He looked up and saw a body, drifting passively. The plane coursed down, and the world fled away above. Louie felt his ears pop, and vaguely recollected that at the swimming pool at Redondo Beach, his ears would pop at twenty feet. Darkness enfolded him, and the water pressure bore in with greater and greater intensity. He struggled uselessly. He thought: Hopeless.
He felt a sudden, excruciating bolt of pain in his forehead. There was an oncoming stupor, a fading, as he tore at the wires and clenched his throat against the need to breathe. He had the soft realization that this was the last of everything. He passed out.
He woke in total darkness. He thought: This is death. Then he felt the water still on him, the heavy dropping weight of the plane around him. Inexplicably, the wires were gone, as was the raft. He was floating inside the fuselage, which was bearing him toward the ocean floor, some seventeen hundred feet down. He could see nothing. His Mae West was uninflated, but its buoyancy was pulling him into the ceiling of the plane. The air was gone from his lungs, and he was now gulping reflexively, swallowing salt water. He tasted blood, gasoline, and oil. He was drowning.
Louie flung out his arms, trying to find a way out. His right hand struck something, and his USC ring snagged on it. His hand was caught. He reached toward it with his left hand and felt a long, smooth length of metal. The sensation oriented him: He was at the open right waist window. He swam into the window, put his feet on the frame, and pushed off, wrenching his right hand free and cutting his finger. His back struck the top of the window, and the skin under his shirt scraped off. He kicked clear. The plane sank away.
Louie fumbled for the cords on his Mae West, hoping that no one had poached the carbon dioxide canisters. Luck was with him: The chambers ballooned. He was suddenly light, the vest pulling him urgently upward in a stream of debris.
He burst into dazzling daylight. He gasped in a breath and immediately vomited up the salt water and fuel he had swallowed. He had survived.


Here are some questions;
  1. He passed out with lungs filled with sea water and then he regain consciousness and power to swim upwards?
  2. What happened to the entangled wire?

Here is a tip for those who testify
  1. Refresh Your Memory
  2. Tell the Truth
  3. Do Not Exaggerate

Otherwise, you will lose credibility and everything you say will ring untrue..

So, dear readers, you are the judge.
  • Is this story true?
  • Is the whole story of "Unbroken" true?

To be continued.
P.S. Special thanks to 日本軍は本当に「残虐」だったのか 丸谷元人


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